Key Stage 4

Key Stage 4

The Geography GCSE builds on the literacy and competencies developed in Key Stage 3.

Students will look at a range of current issues for both Physical and Human Geography. The course will give them a clear outlook on local, national and global issues that are part of our dynamic and ever changing world as well as an understanding of how landforms and environments are created. See below for the range of topics that are covered on this course.

Key Information

  • Exam Board: AQA GCSE Geography A
  • Lessons per week: 2 sessions

Examination Details

  • There are 2 examinations worth 37.5% each and one controlled assessment worth 25%.
  • Paper 1 – Physical Geography (1 hour 30 minutes)
  • Paper 2 – Human Geography (1 hour 30 minutes)
  • Controlled Assessment – titles change yearly

Year 9

Autumn 1 Restless Earth

This area explores the hazards that are produced from Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis, including their impacts on people and the environment.

Autumn 2 Population Change

In this topic students study how the growth of the global population is impacting upon named areas and the different strategies that are implemented in order to control and alleviate the problems presented by growth.
They will also study about the causes and effects of migration into the UK.

Spring 1 Weather and Climate

Students study the different challenges that weather and climate bring the British Isles as well as global issues, including Tropical Storms, Extreme Weather events and the on-going debate of Global Warming.

Spring 2 Tourism

In this area, they will learn about the different types of tourism destinations and what attracts people to the area. They will also focus on problems created and investigate strategies that can be used to alleviate these problems.

Summer 1 Water on the Land

Students investigate the different ways in which a river can change, as well as the influence that a river can have on the lives of people in terms of floods. This is a very topical issue and the students will often study up to date examples of floods that have occurred in the winter previously.

Summer 2 Controlled Assessment

Controlled Assessment titles change yearly but they are based on a local fieldwork investigation.


Year 10

Autumn 1 Controlled Assessment

Students will continue to work on their controlled assessments as they are entitled to 20 hours to work on this piece.

Autumn 2 Changing Urban Environments

In this unit students will study how land can be used in urban areas and the issues that this may present. They will look at areas that have been regenerated e.g. Birmingham Bull Ring, London Docklands (Canary Wharf) and also the ways in which urban living can be made more sustainable.

Spring 1 Geographical Skills will be worked on in this part of the course including Map Reading, GIS, Statistical and Graphical Skills.
These skills will be worked on in context of the previous units.
Spring 2 Revision

The content of the course is very sizable so time is built in to ensure that students are properly prepared for the upcoming examinations. In this time we revisit the subjects covered but also further refine examination skills

Summer 1 Revision
Summer 2 Examinations

All students are prepared for an examination at the end of Year 10. However, if they are unlikely to maximise their potential at this stage, they will continue with History into Year 11.

Year 11

Autumn 1 Controlled Assessment
Autumn 2 Physical Geography Revision
Spring 1 Human Geography Revision
Spring 2  Revision
Summer 1 Revision


To find out more information about this course, you can email